Vedic cosmology – Planets of the Material Universe

The cosmology and cosmography of the ancient Vedas, to put it mildly, is awe-inspiring. It is known that more “modern” Vedic texts date from about 3000 BC. E., Being the oldest scientific and religious doctrines known to man. The description of our solar system and the fact that modern astronomy has discovered the visible universe, corresponds to the ancient Vedic knowledge, which proves that man possessed advanced knowledge in astronomy thousands of years before the beginning of our modern civilization. This article describes the Vedic version of planetary systems from the most faithful, eternal planets, through temporal planetary systems in the innumerable universes of this material world.

By saying “cosmic manifestation,” we are talking about two separate worlds, the spiritual and the material. Spiritual planetary systems are eternal, outside the material universes, and belong to the “excessive” or “antimatter” dimension. They go beyond material time and space and are therefore beyond our vision or powers of perception. In these planetary systems there are no instances of creation or dissolution, and these planets are unlimited, inviolable, and eternally existing. There are descriptions of these spiritual planets in the Vedic literatures, but this article is devoted to those who are in the material universe.

Material planetary systems are created at some point in time and destroyed at other times. They are related to the influence of time and space. Both of these energies (spiritual and material) have the same divine source called “brahmajyoti,” the spiritual light. About 1/4 of this brahmajyoti is covered by the “mahat-tattva,” the material energy where the innumerable material universes are located. Part 3/4 is the eternal spiritual heaven. In the spiritual world there are two spheres of existence, “Holoka-dhama” and “Hari-dhama”. In the material world there is one kingdom called the “Davy Lady”.

The Holocaust is the highest planet and the residence of the Supreme Lord Sri Sri Radha-Krishna. Beneath this is the Hari-dama, where the spiritual planets of Vaikunthaloka are located. Below the planets of Vaikuntha is the “Mahesh-dhama” (also called Sadasivaloka, or the place of Lord Shiva). It is the realm that separates the spiritual from the material universes. Below the Mahesh-lady is the Davy-lady, the realm of the material universe. It is said that yoga systems offer different directions. Bhakti-yoga directs a person to enter Hari-dam or Galaka-dham. Jnana-yoga directs the contender to enter the Mahesh-dam, and karma-yoga – to remain in the Davi-dam, experiencing rebirths and deaths in the material worlds.

The planetary systems of Davy Ladies

In the Bhagavad-gita we find the assertion that there are three divisions of material planets in our universe. These are “urdhva-loka” (higher), “madhya-loka” (middle) and “adho-loka” (lower). Above the Urdva-loki are the coverings of the material universe, behind which lie the eternal spheres of existence. Within these three spheres of existence are 14 major planetary systems with different standards of life and longevity. The inhabitants of the upper three systems have almost no disease and aging of the body, and they do not feel fear. As planetary systems advance, life expectancy and living standards decrease, and disease and anxiety become more pronounced.

The 14 planetary systems are named as follows, from highest to lowest:

1) Satya-loka

2) Tapa-loka

3) She-loka

4) Mahar-loka

5) Svar-loka

6) Bhuvar-loka

7) Bhur-loka

8) Atala-loka

9) Vitala-loka

10) Sutala-loka

11) Talatala-loka

12) Mahatala-loka

13) Rasatala-loka

14) Patala-loka

In one of the Vedic scriptures, called Hari-vamsa, there is the following description: “Above the planetary systems where humans live is the sky. Above the sky is the orbital sun, which is the entry point of the celestial planetary systems. This is the middle of the universe. , where the planets of the exalted begin with great austerity and repentance.The planets above them, as far as Satya Loki, are the residences of those who have advanced in spiritual knowledge.All these planets are in the material world and under the control of Devi (Goddess Durga) “Lady.”

The term “lobster” (immortal) is often used to describe the inhabitants of the celestial planets because their lifespan is unimaginable to us, but although they live millions of years by our calculations, none of the material worlds can live here forever. The Bhagavad-gita describes the life expectancy of those who live on Satyaloka. One day equals 4,300,000,000 solar years. On other celestial planets, day is considered equal to six months of our time, and night is also equal to six months on earth. These souls live in their bodies for 10 million years.

The length of time, such as day, night, months, and years, varies in different planetary systems, and there are different types of people, animals, trees, and vegetation. Some of the planets visible to us are considered to be celestial planets with different terms. Jupiter, Venus and the Moon are examples of planets where one day equals six months on earth. How can this be, one might ask, if we can see these planets orbiting the Sun?

One starting point, which for some may be difficult to understand, is crucial to this understanding. All planets have different sizes that surround them. The dimension of existence visible to our eyes gives the impression that the other planets of our solar system are largely devoid of life. In fact, astronomers have found evidence of intelligent life on other planets, despite the fact that so far little is known. The supervision that can be seen with our physical eyes cannot enter the celestial realm of these planets, where there are virgins, angels and higher beings, and even in people who enjoy an existence far greater than what can be obtained on our planet Earth.

Just as there are spheres of existence on and around the earth that are invisible to our eyes by etheric beings, some of which are highly developed and others are associated with unfortunate circumstances (such as ghosts), all planets have different spheres of existence. Can we never learn about the multidimensional reality on earth with our physical eyes, since we could count on entering with them into the higher realities of other planets?

There are also different types of oceans on different planets in the material world. “Siddhanta-siromani”, an ancient Vedic astrological text describes them as seven varieties:

1) ocean salt water

2) ocean of milk

3) ocean cottage cheese

4) ocean ghee (clarified oil)

5) an ocean of sugar cane juice

6) ocean liqueur

7) Ocean of fresh water

Our minds can talk about this notion of different types of oceans, but why should any of them be more fantastic than the ocean of salt water we have here on earth?

There are also several eternal planets that seem to be in this material universe, but they are always inaccessible to humans. The text of Laghu-Bhagavatamrita describes these eternal planets as follows: “Above Rudraloka, the planet of Lord Shiva, is a planet called Vishnuloka. Its circumference is 400,000 miles and is inaccessible to any mortal living person. Above this Vishnuloka is a golden island called Ma -Vishnuloka in the ocean of salt. Brahma and other demigods sometimes go there to meet Lord Vishnu. Lord Vishnu lies with Lakshmi (goddess of happiness). resides with the goddess Lakshmi. Its transcendental island is 200,000 square miles and is covered with trees of desire to please the Supreme Lord. “

This planet is called “Dhruvaloka” and we consider it as a pole. It is said to be 3,800,000 yojans above the sun (one yojana equals 8 miles). Above Dhruvaloka for 10,000,000 yojans is Maharloka. Above Maharloka, on 20,000,000 yojanas, is Janaloka, another 80,000,000 yojanas is Topaloka, and above 120,000,000 yojanas is Sateloka. The Vaikuntha planets begin 26,200,000 yojans outside of Satyaloka.

The scripture “Vishnu Purana” describes that the outer covering of the Universe begins above the Sun by 260,000,000 yojans. About 70,000 yojanas underground begin the seven lower planetary systems of Atala, Vitala, Sutala, Talatala, Mahatala, Rosatala and Patala. Beneath these 30,000 yojan planets is the Garbhodak Ocean, where Sesa-Naga is located. The depth of this ocean is 249,800,000 yojanas. This gives an approximate diameter of the universe of 500,000,000 yoga or 4,000,000,000 miles. These distances are calculated depending on the distance between the planetary “planes” of existence. The actual distance between the planets may be greater.

The higher planetary systems are the kingdoms of gods, demigods and angels. Bhuvarloka is a place of ghostly spirits, and the lower planets are inhabited by demonic consciousness as well as snakes known as “Nagi”. The development of higher consciousness, which also includes advanced intelligence, begins with man and further increases among the inhabitants of the higher planetary systems. The earth is close to the middle of these planetary systems.

Description of planetary systems


It is the abode of Lord Brahma, the ancestor of this material universe. There are mantra-controlled aircraft here, not mechanical ones. The inhabitants have intelligence and intelligence, but no material gross bodies. They feel compassion for those who suffer in the lower regions but do not suffer fear, old age and death. At the moment of the final dissolution of the material planets, the inhabitants here turn their subtle bodies into spiritual bodies and fall on the eternal planets of Vaikuntha. The great yogis are finally reaching this highest planet along the Milky Way, which is the “highway” to this most sublime planet, where life expectancy is estimated at 15,480,000,000,000 years.


It is the residence of four Kumaras named Sanat, Sanaka, Sanandan and Sanatana. Many great sages also live in this world due to their spiritual austerity. Enjoying the residents is unimaginable for us as it surpasses everything in our experience. When the material universe is destroyed, the inhabitants here also turn their subtle bodies into spiritual ones and go out into the spiritual sky.


This planet, which is still above the kingdoms of heaven, is another abode of great saints and sages. This planet is inhabited by mystics who move to higher planets and eventually turn their subtle bodies into spiritual ones when the fire of devastation engulfs material planets. These inhabitants can move between any planets in the material universe as mystical “cosmic” with unimaginable speed for us.


With complete cleansing from material desires and pollution by sacrifice, repentance and charity, one can reach the celestial planets, and with further advancement through higher orbits one can reach Maharloka. In this place lives the greatest of sages, such as Brig Mooney. It is behind Sisumara, which is a key turning point of the universe. Advanced yogis reach this planet and live here 4,300,000,000 solar years. When the fire of devastation almost reaches this planet, the inhabitants are transported to Sateloku, where they live on before this highest of the planets is destroyed. They then transform their subtle bodies into spiritual ones and enter the spiritual realms.


In every material universe there is one planet Vaikuntha with the ocean of milk where Lord Vishnu lives on an island called Svetadvipa. This planet is Dhruvaloka. Living here is a completely clean person. In our universe, this planet is seen as a pole and is above the planets of the Seven Rishis. Because it is a spiritual planet, it is eternal and therefore remains when all other planets in the material universes are destroyed. It is said that this planet is the support for all the material orbits of stars and planets. All planets travel at high speeds in orbit, including the Sun, which travels 16,000 miles per second in its orbit around Druvaloka. The planets of the seven sages are the stars just below this planet, which also revolve around Druvaloka. They always care about the well-being of living beings in this material world and send emissaries who will bring spiritual knowledge at different times and circumstances.

Sanayskara (Saturn)

Saturn is considered an astrologically unfriendly planet because it gives us painful lessons here on earth. It is located 1,600,000 miles above Jupiter and passes through one zodiac sign every 30 months.

Brihaspati (Jupiter)

Jupiter is considered the most auspicious celestial planet and is generally considered auspiciously astrologically, depending on the location at the time of our births here on earth. It is a planet of virgins located 1,600,000 miles above Mars.

Angaraka (Mars)

Mars is considered an evil planet that creates a lack of rainfall on Earth and is almost always able to create adverse effects here. It is located 1,600,000 miles above Mercury.

Buddha (Mercury)

It is said that Mercury is the son of the Moon and is 1,600,000 miles beyond the planet Venus. Like Venus, it sometimes moves behind the sun, sometimes in front, and sometimes with it. Generally, Mercury’s influence is favorable astrologically, unless it is moving with the sun. At such times, this planet causes big storms on earth.

Shukra (Venus)

Venus is considered to be the most auspicious and auspicious planet as well as one of the celestial planets. It is said that Venus brings precipitation, another reason that it is considered favorable for life on earth.

Chandraloka (Moon)

The moon is one of the four most important residences of the demigods. Those who worship the demigod through sacrifices aimed at great material bliss advance to the moon. A heavenly, intoxicating drink called “catfish” is available here. It is impossible to enter or even see the true celestial dimensions of this planet with our present eyes. The moon passes through the entire zodiac in about one month. It affects the growth of vegetation, so it is considered the livelihood of all living things on earth.

Surya (Sun)

The sun is a source of light and heat for our universe. Modern science also considers many stars to be suns, but in the Vedic literature they are considered to be planets with different material elements but not a center like the Sun. Surya, the sun god, is considered an extension of Narayana (the form of Lord Vishnu). He controls the seasons here on earth. It is located between Bhuloka and Bhuvarloka, rotating in the temporal circle of the zodiac. Yogis who practice hatha or ashtanga yoga, or those who make sacrifices to the fire, worship the sun for their own benefit. The demigods who live on the planet Sun have bodies of fire necessary for life here.


Rahu is said to be an invisible planet 80,000 miles under the sun. This causes solar and lunar eclipses, as Rahu along with Ketu are the northern and southern nodes of the Moon respectively.

Siddhalaka, Karanaloka and Vidyadharaloka

These planets are 80,000 miles below Rahu. The inhabitants of these planets are born with natural mystical forces, including the ability to fly without mechanical means even to other planets. They have all the mystical siddhis, and how materially perfect beings can control gravity, time and space. Their art, culture, and science far surpass the knowledge we possess here on earth.

Yakshaloka and Rakshashaloka

Under these higher planetary systems in the sky is called “antarksha” – the residences of Yaksha, Rakshasha, Pisach, ghosts and other etheric beings. This kingdom spreads as far as the wind blows and clouds float across the sky. There is no air over it.

Bhu Mandala (Middle Earth)

The planetary systems of Middle-earth (Bumandala or Bhuloka) are the habitats of both levels of life we ​​enjoy on our planet, as well as some celestial places where living beings can “stop” on the way to or from birth to celestial planetary systems. There are seven planetary systems that are divided into seven oceans. The names of the planetary systems are Jambu, Plaksha, Salmali, Kush, Kravncha, Shaka and Pushkar. Each system is twice the size of the previous one, and each ocean between the systems consists of salt water, sugar cane juice, liqueur, ghee, milk, emulsified yogurt and fresh water.

The bumandala is in the shape of a lotus flower, and the seven planetary systems are in a lotus vortex. The radius of Bhumandala extends all the way to the sunlight, and to the limits of our vision here sees the stars and the moon. Since sunlight reaches the earth from a distance of 93,000,000 miles, this is the radius of the Bumandala plane.

Lower planetary systems

Under the ground are seven other systems called Atala, Vitala, Sutala, Talatala, Mahatala, Rosatala and Patala. These lower planetary systems are the same size as the terrestrial planet, and begin 560,000 miles underground. Sunlight does not reach these planets, and the light comes from the jewels on the hoods of the snakes. Гэтыя планеты населены людзьмі з вялікай сілай і багаццем, але з дэманічнай свядомасцю, якія дабраліся сюды праз жорсткую эканомію, накіраваную на матэрыяльнае задавальненне без духоўнага развіцця. Яны не становяцца старымі і хворымі і баяцца толькі фактару часу, які ў канчатковым рахунку павінен разбурыць іх жыллё. Таму ім дадзена назва “біла-сварга”, або падземныя нябесныя планеты.

Жыхары тут карыстаюцца стандартам матэрыяльнага камфорту, больш багатым, чым нават вышэйшыя планеты, дзякуючы іх імкненню да высокіх стандартаў пачуццёвага задавальнення, багацця і ўплыву. Жыхары вядомыя як Дайцяс, Данавас і Нагас, і ўсе яны займаюцца ілюзорным матэрыяльным задавальненнем, не думаючы пра духоўнае вызваленне. У іх гарадах адбываюцца неверагодныя архітэктурныя подзвігі, упрыгожаныя каштоўнымі каштоўнасцямі ў дамах, садах, злучэннях і г. д. Усе жыхары п’юць сокі і купаюцца ў травяных эліксірах, якія вызваляюць іх ад любых трывог і фізічных захворванняў, а таксама любых прыкмет фізічнага старэння. Візуальная прыгажосць гэтых штучных нябёсаў пераўзыходзіць прыгажосць вышэйшых планет, і гэтая пачуццёвая атмасфера цалкам захоплівае розум, не дазваляючы думак, акрамя тых, якія накіраваны на пачуццёвае задавальненне і шчасце. Паколькі час не дзеліцца на дні і ночы з-за таго, што на гэтыя планеты не даходзіць сонечнае святло, яны не баяцца часу. Толькі падчас растварэння трывога і страх іх паглынаюць.

Наракалока, пякельныя планетарныя сістэмы

Пад планетай Паталалока і крыху вышэй за ваду акіяна Гарбходака знаходзяцца Наралокі, альбо пякельныя планетарныя сістэмы. Гэтыя планеты пакутуюць рознай ступені для тых, хто павінен вытрымаць там жыццё. Тут, на зямлі, мы можам бачыць шмат пякельных абставінаў пакут для людзей, але нічога падобнага на тое, што перажываецца на гэтых планетах. Кажуць, яны з’яўляюцца месцам выпраўлення для тых, хто здзяйсняе самыя агідныя дзеянні, жывучы як чалавек на зямным плане. Хоць жыццё тут і здаецца, што працягваецца цэлую вечнасць, на самай справе працягласць “кармічнага прысуду” тут можа складаць толькі секунды ці імгненні. У ведыйскіх літаратурах апісана 28 розных пякельных планет.

Гэтыя апісанні матэрыяльнага стварэння, а таксама духоўных планет можна знайсці ў некалькіх ведыйскіх літаратурах на значна большую глыбіню. Я па неабходнасці значна скараціў прыведзеную тут інфармацыю.

З часам усе планетарныя сістэмы ў матэрыяльным свеце будуць знішчаны. Гэта знішчэнне адбываецца двума спосабамі. Частковае знішчэнне адбываецца кожныя 4 300 000 000 сонечных гадоў, альбо ў канцы кожнага дня на Сацялоцы. Гэта распасціраецца ад пякельных планет праз усе ніжнія планетарныя сістэмы аж да нябесных планет. У гэты час самыя высокія планеты не знішчаюцца. Усё касмічнае праяўленне завяршаецца ва ўсеагульнай форме Бога кожныя 8 600 000 000 х 30 х 12 х 100 сонечных гадоў. Духоўны свет, які ніколі не знішчаецца, проста паглынае матэрыяльнае стварэнне. Апісана, што да разбурэння дажджоў не бывае сотні гадоў. Усё высыхае і гіне з-за бесперапыннага сонечнага святла. Сонца становіцца ў 12 разоў магутнейшым, чым было раней. Потым ідуць жудасныя дажджы, якія паглынаюць усё ў ваду.

Смяротныя целы жывых істот, уключаючы ўсю расліннасць, зліваюцца ў зямлю. Зямля зліваецца ў сваё тонкае адчуванне водару. Водар зліваецца з вадой, а вада – з якасцю густу. Той густ зліваецца з агнём, які зліваецца з формай. Форма зліваецца ў дотык і датыкаецца з эфірам. Эфір нарэшце зліваецца ў адчуванне гуку. Усе пачуцці зліваюцца ў сваім паходжанні, кіруючых дэвах і паўбагоў, затым яны зліваюцца ў кіруючы розум, які зліваецца ў эга ў гуне дабра. Гук злучаецца з эга ў гуне невуцтва, і эга (першае з усіх фізічных элементаў) зліваецца ў агульную прыроду. Агульная матэрыяльная прырода раствараецца ў рэжымах (дабро, запал і няведанне). Затым гэтыя рэжымы зліваюцца ў неіманіфікаваную форму прыроды, і гэтая неманіфестная форма зліваецца з часам. Час зліваецца з Вышэйшым Богам, прысутным як Маха-Вішну, першапачатковы стваральнік касмічнага праяўлення. Паходжанне ўсяго жыцця зліваецца з Богам, ненароджанай Вышэйшай Душой, якая застаецца адзінай без секунды і ад якой адбываецца ўсё стварэнне і знішчэнне. Гэта знішчэнне матэрыяльнага свету з’яўляецца дакладным адваротам працэсу стварэння. У канчатковым рахунку, усё ляжыць у Найвышэйшым Абсалюце.