The California architectural styles of Santa Cruz have become historic icons that the area proudly preserves with great care. There were many eras that left an inseparable mark in buildings, homes and buildings around the city. The bit of fragrance of all eras remains as an indisputable element of the city’s long and varied history.
Santa Cruz, California, was created largely for the sake of the Franciscan Mission and the Spanish Garrison. The mission was built in 1791, and the garrison was erected in 1793. The Franciscan mission has been relocated to the Mission Hill area, where it is still located due to flooding problems besieged by the San Lorenzo River. The founders of the mission built it in the Baroque style, as they used to. It was built with a plane as a central hearth that forms almost a triplex around the square. The style portends those observed in Mexico and Spain. The mission consists mainly of flexible construction with deep walls in the interior. This simplified design was adopted through the use of Indian workers who did not have extensive knowledge of construction. Decorative bell towers and deep piers surround the building to this day.
Some of the earliest structures erected throughout Santa Cruz were built at home in a decorative, rectangular shape. Wooden boards were used to tie these main houses of the district. They have been very popular in the pioneer era since the 1850s. On Silvar Street there is still a house of this period of time, which is an example of an architectural era.
From 1850 to 1890, houses and office buildings underwent many transitions, and Santa Cruz’s architectural styles evolved, marking different periods of style, such as the Greek renaissance, the Gothic renaissance, the Italian regiment, Eastlake, the Romanesque, Queen Anne, the colonial renaissance, and shingles. The Greek Renaissance house reflected all American taste in construction. Although the design had large pillars similar to Greek stacking, and large porches this style could be seen throughout the country in the era. During the Gothic Renaissance, churches and buildings with very sharp edges and interesting details similar to Gothic buildings in Europe were presented. The Italian period boasted large buildings with large windows and covered porches in front. This style testified to the Renaissance in Italy. Both in the styles of Stick houses and in Eastlake on the street there were large windows and porches or verandas.
Romanesque structures were quite popular for business. The miniature columns located along the rock fronts are the strong characteristics of these buildings. Queen Anne is a very beautiful Victorian structure. Houses in this style were exhibited from the towers on the side of the houses with decorative chimneys and an overall refined look. The colonial revival yielded buildings and houses that had much in common with American houses of the Revolution. American pride was revived when they pushed west, gaining more and more territory, and a tendency to imitate the past American style developed. The style of shingles in many ways resembles its name: houses with low ringworm to build the look of the house, not the siding. These houses were still very large in appearance but understated in the style of appearance, and all testify to the architectural styles of Santa Cruz.
In order for a house or building to be of historic significance in the Santa Cruz area, it must typically be at least fifty years old. This meets the requirements of the National Registry, despite the fact that the California State Register does not explicitly state. However, there are exceptions, and when historical figures, major historical events, religious buildings or cemeteries are born, sometimes a building can be considered historic that has not yet reached the age of fifty.